ASEAN Studies: Development of a Format and Model for Knowledge Management to Prepare Northeastern Thai Kindergarten Classrooms for Social and Cultural Accession to the ASEAN Community

By Duangtip Palopakon, Boonsom Yodmalee and Somkid Suk-erb.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Educational Studies

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: July 30, 2015 $US5.00

Studies concerning the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are essential for connecting ASEAN citizens and creating an ASEAN community. This is a qualitative study to examine the background knowledge of the ASEAN culture and society among kindergarten students in Northeastern Thailand, to assess the current level of and problems with knowledge management of ASEAN culture and society in Northeastern Thai kindergartens, and to develop a format and model for knowledge management to prepare Northeastern Thai kindergarten classrooms for social and cultural accession to the ASEAN community. The research tools used for data collection were survey, interview, observation, group discussion, and workshop. Data were collected from July 2013 to May 2014 in three Northeastern Thai provinces. The results show that there is no apparent set of standards for ASEAN Studies determined by the Office of the Basic Education Commission of Thailand. Some policies of teaching ASEAN culture and society are settled at the school level and teachers adopt these. The teaching activities are conducted according to teacher ability using existing resources. The researchers did not find curricula, lesson plans, and assessments for ASEAN culture and society. Instructions between ordinary kindergarten teaching and ASEAN content teaching were integrated in the sample schools. Moreover, the schools funded related environmental management. There is no ASEAN Studies content in the sample schools' visions, missions, and objectives. Teachers lack proper knowledge management. School curriculums and lesson plans in ASEAN Studies were not found in kindergarten classes. In addition, there is no knowledge transfer to the local communities. A format and model for ASEAN Studies knowledge management can be created with the cooperation of school administrators, teachers, and students. Schools and teachers can systematically determine the direction of knowledge management by referring to their environment and community context. Moreover, it is necessary for the schools to design an ASEAN culture and society concept map for kindergarten students. The map could include class activities for kindergarten classrooms covering four aspects: ASEAN geography and environment, English and ASEAN languages, ASEAN religions, and ASEAN identity. The map could be a guide for module design. Knowledge management in ASEAN Studies may be necessary to support kindergarten students as the future of the ASEAN Community.

Keywords: AEC, ASEAN, ASEAN Studies, Education Policy, Kindergarten

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Educational Studies, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp.45-53. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: July 30, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 332.046KB)).

Duangtip Palopakon

Ph.D. Candidate, Faculty of Cultural Science, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand

Boonsom Yodmalee

Lecturer, Faculty of Cultural Science, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand

Somkid Suk-erb

Lecturer, Faculty of Cultural Science, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand